Much like Penrith, Brougham Castle had humble beginnings in the 13th century as a tower, possibly with wooden palisade walls on the outskirts. At Penrith, as the tower belonging to William Strickland passed to the powerful Neville family, who constructed many of the changes from tower to castle, Brougham was passed over to the Clifford family, who operated on the tower in a similar manner to the Neville’s, expanding and building upon the tower to transform it into a castle.
Like Penrith, Brougham was also regularly victim to Scottish attacks (the site is around 2 miles outside of Penrith).
Unfortunately the site was closed when I visited, so this is the only picture I took. It was interesting to note the small dual-style arch windows, which feature on Roger Hutchin’s artistic impression of Penrith castle in 1430.
I was however, able to visit Brougham Hall, which is undergoing a promising reconstruction. The buildings within its stone walls are now being used for local industry, so it is exciting to see how the architecture is being carefully restored while the building regains functionality.
The above image is a great example of some interior detail that could be similar to Penrith, the large half-arch in the middle, pillars that curve inwards to create a vaulted ceiling, and a relatively intact fireplace (the fireplaces at Penrith don’t have any ornate detail left, and are merely burnt darker, with simple straight angles cut into the stone).
Some panoramic shots of the inside and outside: